If you are currently looking for a new home, chances are that in all the excitement you won't really give any thought to the type of home loan mortgage you take out, instead going with the first one offered to you. This could be a serious mistake costing you thousands, if not tens of thousands. Make sure you know all about the different types of home mortgage loans before you starting looking for that new dream home!
Basic types of Mortgage Loans
If you aren't familiar with options for financing, it is never too late to get started. Understanding the different terms and having the ability to relate them to each other will help you to avoid situations that are not financially possible.
Here are some of the terms that you should know when looking for a Home Mortgage.
Fixed Rate Home Loan Mortgage:
As the name suggests, this is a plain vanilla home loan. Basically you borrow a certain amount over a certain period at a fixed rate of interest. You then pay the same monthly installments for the life of the home loan. The benefit of a fixed-rate home loan is that you can easily budget for the repayments. The downfall of a fixed-rate home loan is that you could end up paying a higher rate of interest than everyone else no one knows what interest rates will be in 15-20 years time!
Adjustable Rate Home Loan Mortgage:
Is when you borrow a certain amount home loan over a period of time, however in this case the interest rate is not fixed, but is adjustable (or floating as you may also hear it called). The upside to adjustable rate home loans is that the interest rate at the start of the loan period can be lower than the fixed rate would be. The downside is that it is difficult to budget for, as the amount can change, and you are at the mercy of something outside of your control interest rate fluctuations, which can change quickly.
Hybrid Home Loan Mortgages:
Trying to fill the void left with the downside of the fixed and adjustable and variable rate home loans, the hybrid home loan lets you fix the interest rate over the first part of the home loan, and then switch to an adjustable/variable rate later. The upside of hybrid home loans is that they allow you to budget for your repayments during the expensive time when you first buy the home. The downside is that if floating rates are much higher than your fixed rate when the switch happens, you could find you are paying a much higher repayment each month.
Balloon Rate Loans: This can either help you financially, or cause you problems. Understanding the details of how balloons work and using them to your advantage will give you the ability to pop into the right loan.
Balloons are used as ways to lower monthly payments. It does this by consolidating a specific percentage of your loan each month. At the end of your entire loan, you will pay the additional percentage that is left. Usually, this will equal about fifty percent of the loan that you have.
You can work with balloons to your advantage if you have the right finances in place. If you know that you will have a large amount of money at the end of your loan term, then having a balloon can help you to save now and build your credibility with financial investments later.
If you aren't certain of your financial status and what it will be in ten years, then a balloon will most likely not help you. Because you will be expecting to pay a large amount at the end, it can lead into debt and won't help you to make an investment on another house in the future. In relation to this, if you are making a specific amount now but know that you will be making more later, then you can use a balloon in order to stabilize your financial conditions.
By using a balloon, you will be put into a situation where your mortgage will blow up to twice as much at the end of the term. This can be an advantage or a disadvantage, depending on your situation. By knowing exactly how to tie the end of the balloon, you will be able to find the best financial options for your situation.